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Regio VIII

Basilica

 

The Basilica is a gigantic building (55 X 24 m.) with three naves and a monumental entrance on the south western side of the Forum. Built in the second century B.C., Pompeii's basilica is the oldest example of this ancient type of architecture which was very common in the Roman world. 

 

The large vestibule (chalcidicum) is probably where public notices were posted. The inside is made up of an enormous covered square whose roof is held up by 28 lateral columns which are at least 11 meters high. This justifies its interpretation as a covered Forum. The wall decorations were made up of large slabs of stucco painted so as to imitate large blocks of polychromatic marble. At the end of the interior is the imposing yet austere façade of the tribunal, or rather where judges administered justice, raised on a two meter high podium. Thus the building had the double function of covered Forum and court of justice.

 

Marina Gate | Imperial Villa

Antiquarium | Temple of Venus

Basilica | Curie

Comitium | Doric Temple

Gladiators' Barracks | Odéion

Theater | Samnite Palæstra

Temple of Isis | Temple of Zeus Melichios

Temple of Mefite

House of Cornelio Rufo | Via dell'Abbondanza

Via Marina | Via dei Teatri

Via del Tempio di Iside

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